WHAT IS WEDDING PHOTOJOURNALISM?
As I start a new year, I wanted to use this chance to reflect on past lessons, experiences and share them with brides. I hope that you get some practical insight to help you choose a wedding photographer.
It is now usually understood to refer only to still images, but in some cases the term also refers to video used in broadcast journalism. Photojournalism is distinguished from other close branches of photography (e.g., documentary photography, social documentary photography, street photography or celebrity photography) by complying with a rigid ethical framework which demands that the work be both honest and impartial whilst telling the story in strictly journalistic terms. Photojournalists create pictures that contribute to the news media, and help communities connect with one other. Photojournalists must be well informed and knowledgeable about events happening right outside their door. They deliver news in a creative format that is not only informative, but also entertaining."
Wedding photojournalism is the process of documenting events with a camera without actually controlling or affecting the situation. Henri Cartier-Bresson was the father of modern-day Photojournalism and evolved from him using small Leica Rangefinders in the 1930s. He began documenting European society. The Leica is quiet, discreet, and allowed him to shoot moments when the subject is unaware of the camera. The resulting images have a timeless quality to them.
Wikipedia defines Photojournalism as "Photojournalism is a particular form of journalism (the collecting, editing, and presenting of news material for publication or broadcast) that employs images in order to tell a news story.
Wedding photojournalism takes the same skills and philosophy and applies them to the wedding day. Rather than organizing people and fabricating situations, the wedding photojournalist relies on their ability to see events and stories unfolding, capturing those moments discreetly. These moments in time come together to reveal seemingly simple but complex images.
Wedding photojournalism, put succinctly, is the documentation of moments without deliberate interference by the photographer. A wedding photojournalist observes, anticipates, and reacts.
There are many numerous subsets of wedding photojournalism. A to-the-letter wedding photojournalist will not set up any shots or even capture group photos, nor direct the day in any way whatsoever. Images delivered to the couple will be candid in how the day's captured.
WHAT IT IS AND WHAT IT'S NOT
Other self-described wedding photojournalists will have images that look natural but are, in fact, staged. Photographers working this method will also describe themselves as editorial, candid or documentary style. This illusion can be confusing to any potential wedding clients booking a photographer. On many occasions looking through images unless you were there at that moment, it may be very challenging to know the difference. But, the setup will be different. And that's key. Ultimately, it's an alternative way of working a scene. Still, it's not a real moment as the photographer set up the stage, perhaps, moving a bride into better light, a window, for example, and interacting with verbal suggestions to the bride and altering the chain of events, continuing to shoot. This method is not 'wedding photojournalism.'
This way of pre-staging a scene is creeping into my weddings from bridesmaids or maids of honors. They have attended other weddings in a similar role ask me when I would like to arrange some candid shots with the bride's dress. I have to gently let them know I don't set up scenes but will photograph these details as I find them.
Traditional wedding photography is the opposing style compared to wedding photojournalism. Classic or traditional wedding style involves mostly direction from the photographer, including a very much hands-on approach. Many traditional wedding photographers will work from shot lists, creating memorable images. Many images will show couples looking at the camera, posing for many of them.
WHAT I DO
I'm not as rigid as Wikipedia's definition of Photojournalism as, in my opinion, weddings need some balance. The degree of wiggle room for me will be the obligatory group photos and couple shots. These photos are captured quickly. Other than those, nothing is contrived or controlled. I see myself as a pure wedding photojournalist.
Take a look through my website, and you'll see unposed moments through a couple's wedding day. There are even a few decors and details shots but photographed as found. The day has to unfold organically. If I direct a couple or bride during the wedding day, then in my head, I feel like I'm intruding and changing the day's narrative.
I take the same skills and philosophy of news photojournalists and apply them to the wedding day. Instead of fabricating scenes or setting the dress up with the shoes, I reply on my ability to see the event and stories unfolding and capture those moments unobtrusively. The resulting images can reveal seemingly simple yet complex photographs. I do not use a flash as I find flash lighting intrusive, annoying for guests, and the light unnatural. I instead use available light that wraps guests in an almost 3-D effect. It's about being honest and compelling moments. Over the years, I have found that brides looking for this type of photographer are smart, confident people and more interested in enjoying the moment. They want their photographer to capture their day in a dignified manner.
SO, HOW DO YOU KNOW WHO'S A WEDDING PHOTOJOURNALIST?
The best way to find out from your prospective wedding photographer if they're an authentic wedding photojournalist is to ask them how they photograph moments. Do they halt a scene to redo a moment, like the vows, or asking the bride's mother to lace up her dress again for a wide shot, for example? At least now you know what to ask.
A little while ago, it was typical for photographers to market themselves as a wedding photojournalist. Still, upon browsing through their galleries, images are predominately staged and many pictures of pretty decor and details. Another example is the misuse of photojournalistic terms. Browse through Instagram with that keyword #weddingphotojournalism" and you will see they are just mostly photos. These terms get thrown around by many wedding photographers who have never worked as journalists or don't understand what it means, including the ethics behind it. It bothers me when photographers use these terms willy nilly because I have massive respect for news photojournalists.
Photography is a skill and an endless craft to learn. Whether the wedding photographer has been self-taught or went to college to study photography, any photographer must be technically proficient and understand that side of their craft. Then they must learn about composition and learn from the masters of art, be it painters, photographers, or architects.
A great resource to locate a vetted wedding photojournalist is David Robert's WPJA, and I'm proud to be an active member.
Want to talk more about a documentary approach to your wedding photography? Email or call. I hope to hear from you soon!